The president of India is the formal head of the executive, judiciary and legislature. The president is also the commander-in-chief of Indian Armed Forces. In other words, president is the head of Indian Government. However, due to some amendments in 1978 Indian president has to perform government tasks as per the advice of central ministers. The rights have been taken away from the boss. The president is just the head of the Indian government on papers and in reality he has to work under advises of the central government. Unlike the President of USA, the president of India does not have enough power to take strong decisions.
Salary of the President of India:
- In December 1998, the salary of the president of India was 50,000 INR (820 USD)
- In December 2008, the salary increased to 1,50,000 INR (2,461 USD)
Procedure to Select the President of India:
The President of India is chosen by the elected members of the parliament of India (Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha) along with the state legislatures (Vidhan Parishads and Vidhan Sabhas). The members of parliaments are selected by the citizens of India in general elections. Mainly, the presidential candidate of the ruling party in Lok Sabha is selected.
Power Assigned to the President of India
The president of India appoints the prime minister of India. Later on the president appoints the members of the Council of Ministers.
Other appointments by the president include:
- High Commissioners and Ambassadors for different countries
- Governors of States
- The Attorney General
- Vice Chancellor of the central universities
- Auditor General
- Directors of NITs and IITs
- The Chief Justice, judges of the High Courts and Supreme Court of India
The Indian president summons Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha of the parliament. The president has right to dissolve the parliament.
The president of India can appoint the Chief Justice and judges. He/she can also dismiss judges, in case both of the parliament houses pass the resolutions.
President recommends all the money related bills in parliament. He/she presents the supplementary budget and annual budget in the parliament.
The Indian president is the topmost commander of the defense forces of the country. It’s up to the president to announce a war or stop it.
Most of the international agreements and treaties are concluded or negotiated by the president. But normally the negotiations are accomplished by the prime minister with other cabinet members.
There are 3 kinds of emergencies that can be declared by the president of India: financial, state and national.
As per the article 72 of the Indian constitution, the president of India has pardoning powers for the following circumstances:
- Verdict is a death sentence
- Sentence is by the Military Court
- Verdict is for crimes against the Union Law
Additionally, the president of India has power for state emergency, national emergency and financial emergency.
Eligibility for the President of India:
As per the article 58 of the Indian constitution, there are certain eligibility criteria to become the president of India.
- An active citizen of India
- Qualified for a member of Lok Sabha
- At least 35 years old or above