Complete Guide to Indian Culture

Indian Culture

Indian culture is well-known for its unity in diversity. It is popular for beliefs, languages, religions, arts, customs, ceremonies, traditions and the morals of Indians. There are many customs, languages, food, religions, architecture, music and dance in different regions of the country. The Indian culture is an amalgamation of various sub-cultures of Indian subcontinent.

Many famous historians also described it as the ancient living civilization on the earth. The civilization of India has been presenting its uniqueness since the period of Vedas. Diversity of culture is also available in Indian cuisine, yoga and religions.

Religions & Spirituality

India is a birthplace of religions like Sikhism, Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. In present time, Hinduism and Buddhism are the third and fourth largest faiths in the world with more than two billion followers. Apart from these religions, there are other religions also reside in India like Islam, Christian, Sikhism, Judaism and Zoroastrianism.

Family Structure

Joint family system is a crucial part of Indian culture. Though many youngsters have different point of views for this, still many joint families can be found in India. In joint families, all family members not only live together but also share their joys and sorrows. Generally, an older male member leads the family.

Due to economic development and urbanization, many people now prefer nuclear families. But in villages, many joint families live in traditional ways.

Arranged Marriage

Though, men and women get own choices to select their life partner, arranged marriage has been an important part of Indian culture. Even in today’s time, parents choose a life partner for their son/daughter. Mostly, parents prefer a bride/groom from their cast.

Dowry system is also very common in India in which a bride’s parents provide certain amount (dowry) to the groom’s family.


A common salutation for greeting people is Namaste by holding both the palms together and raise them in front of the body. It is mostly used by Hindus, Buddhists and Jains. The word Namaste is derived from a Sanskrit word i.e. Namah.


Indians speak many languages in different regions of the country. Some of them include Assamese, Gujarati, Angika, Urdu, Beary Bashe, Oriya, Bengali, Sanskrit, Tamil, Bhojpuri, Sindhi, Bodo, Telugu, Chhattisgarhi, Nepali, Dogri, Punjabi, English, Tulu, Garo, Manipuri, Hindi, Santali, Kannada, Mizo, Kashmiri, Magahi, Malayalam, Khasi, Marathi, Kokborok, Maithili and Konkani.


Indian society has mixed culture and multiple religions. The national days of India include Republic day, Independence Day, May Day and Gandhi Jayanti.

Main religious festivals include Durga puja, Navratri, Sankranthi, Diwali, Rakshabandhan, Ganesh Chaturthi, Dussehra, Holi, Onam, Pongal, Shab-e-Barat, Eid ul Fitr, Milad un Nabi, Eid ul Adha, Muharram, Good Friday, Christmas, Guru Nanak Jayanti, Buddh Purnima etc.